Protección Solar para Niños: Consejos y Consideraciones Importantes

Sun Protection for Children: Tips and Important Considerations

During the summer months, protection from the sun is crucial. While adults can more easily find ways to protect themselves, such as combining astaxanthin supplementation with a standard sunscreen, children face greater challenges. During this season, children are particularly vulnerable to sunburn and heat stroke, making the need to protect them from UV rays a top priority. It is essential to understand the effects of sun exposure on children and take appropriate preventive measures.

The effects of sun exposure on children include cumulative damage due to overexposure, especially in neonates whose physical development, including the skin, is not yet complete. In addition, sun exposure can lead to immune system disorders, exacerbation of pre-existing diseases such as porphyria, xeroderma pigmentosum or lupus, as well as premature photoaging and an increased risk of skin cancer, including melanoma in adulthood.


To protect children from the sun, it is crucial to take preventive measures from an early age. Direct sun exposure is not recommended for children under 6 months of age, and sunscreens are not recommended due to the risk of toxicity in the first months of life. In addition, sun exposure should be limited until 3 years of age. It is essential that children wear sunglasses and hats or caps to avoid sun exposure. It is recommended to look for clothing with UV filters for additional protection.

In addition to these measures, it is important to educate children about the importance of sun protection and to establish a routine of applying sunscreen every 30 to 60 minutes during sun exposure. Proper education is essential to prevent future skin damage.

As for astaxanthin supplementation, it is important to be informed about its characteristics and applications, as well as the minimum age for its use. This carotenoid acts as a sunscreen and also offers eye protection.

Reference: M. Valdivielso Ramos, C. Mauleón Fernández, E. Balbín Carrero, P. de la Cueva Dobao, E. Chavarría Mur, J.M. Hernanz Hermosa, 2009, Fotoprotección en la Infancia, Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Infanta Leonor. Madrid. Madrid. Spain.

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